Demesne

Demesne
The part of the lord's manorial lands reserved for his own use and not allocated to his serfs or freeholder tenants. Serfs worked in the demesne for a specified numbers of days per week. The demesne could either be scattered among the serfs' land, or be a separate area, the latter being more common for meadow and orchard lands. In Devonshire, the lord's land was usually kept separate from the peasants' land. (Pronounced "de-main.") See also Inland, Outland, and Sokeland.
♦ Lands exploited directly by the manorial lord (as distinct from lands rented to tenants).
(Bennett, Judith M. Women in the Medieval English Countryside, 234)
♦ Land devoted to the lord's profit, whether a manor, or a portion of land within a manor, worked by peasants as part of their obligations.
(Wood, Michael. Domesday: A Search for the Roots of England, 213)
♦ Lands and rights retained for direct exploitation by lord or king rather than being granted out to others.
(Frame, Robin. Colonial Ireland, 1169-1369, 144)
♦ That land retained in the landlord's hand and cultivated by himself or leased out, as opposed to tenant land held by hereditary peasant tenants.
(Waugh, Scott. England in the Reign of Edward III, 238)
♦ The Dialogus de Scaccario defines demesne lands as "those which are tilled at the cost or by labour of the owner, and those held from him by villeins". Such lands were said to be "in demesne" (in dominico). The demesne did not include estates which belonged to the lord but which had been let by him as fiefs to vassals in return for services (such lands being said to be in servitio).
(Warren, W.L. Henry II, 633)

Medieval glossary. 2014.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • demesne — I noun acquest, chattels real, domain, dominion, empire, estate, freehold, hereditament, holding, land, landed estate, landed property, manor, one s own land, property, real estate, real property, realm, realty associated concepts: demesne lands… …   Law dictionary

  • Demesne — De*mesne , n. [OE. demeine, demain, rule, demesne, OF. demeine, demaine, demeigne, domaine, power, F. domaine domain, fr. L. dominium property, right of ownership, fr. dominus master, proprietor, owner. See {Dame}, and cf. {Demain}, {Domain},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • demesne — c.1300, demeyne (modern spelling by late 15c.), from Anglo Fr. demesne, demeine, O.Fr. demaine land held for a lord s own use, from L. dominicus belonging to a master, from dominus lord. Re spelled by Anglo Fr. legal scribes under influence of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • demesne — ► NOUN 1) historical land attached to a manor. 2) archaic a domain. ORIGIN from Old French demeine belonging to a lord , from Latin dominus lord, master …   English terms dictionary

  • demesne — [di mān′; ] also [, dimēn′] n. [ME & OFr demeine < L dominium (see DOMAIN); sp. altered by assoc. with OFr mesnee, household < L mansio: see MANSION] 1. Law possession (of real estate) in one s own right 2. Historical the land or estate… …   English World dictionary

  • Demesne — Conjectural map of a feudal manor. The brown areas are part of the demesne, the shaded areas part of the glebe . The manor house, residence of the lord and location of the manorial court, can be seen in the mid southern part of the manor In the… …   Wikipedia

  • demesne — demesnial, adj. /di mayn , meen /, n. 1. possession of land as one s own: land held in demesne. 2. an estate or part of an estate occupied and controlled by, and worked for the exclusive use of, the owner. 3. land belonging to and adjoining a… …   Universalium

  • demesne — UK [dɪˈmeɪn] / US noun [countable] Word forms demesne : singular demesne plural demesnes in the past, a large house and the land that belonged to it …   English dictionary

  • demesne — /damiyn/dameyn/ Domain; dominical; held in one s own right, and not of a superior; not allotted to tenants. In the language of pleading, own; proper; original. Thus, son assault demesne, his own assault, his assault originally or in the first… …   Black's law dictionary

  • demesne — /damiyn/dameyn/ Domain; dominical; held in one s own right, and not of a superior; not allotted to tenants. In the language of pleading, own; proper; original. Thus, son assault demesne, his own assault, his assault originally or in the first… …   Black's law dictionary

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